TYPE I DIABETES (T1D)
- occurs when the body stops making too little insulin to regulate the blood glucose levels.
- due to destruction of the pancreas by alcohol, disease, or removal via surgery,
- Type I also may result from the progressive failure of the pancreatic cells to produce any significant amount of insulin. Individuals with type I diabetes require insulin treatments to sustain their lives.
- Formally called juvenile onset diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, TYPE 1 DIABETES may also occur in older adults. These terms are no longer used because type II diabetes can occur in youngsters and some people with type II diabetes may require insulin therapy
TYPE II DIABETES (T2D)
- TYPE 2 DIABETES occurs when the pancreas still can secrete insulin but the person's body is partially or completely unable to utilize the insulin. This is commonly termed insulin resistance. Individuals with insulin resistance develop type II diabetes when they fail to secrete enough insulin to cope with their higher demands.
- TYPE 2 DIABETES is usually controlled with diet weight control exercise and oral medications. It is common for people with type II diabetes to require insulin control the blood sugar
- age 45-the approximate time when TYPE I DIABETES is usually diagnosed.
BY THE NUMBERS:
- 90% of all adult individuals have type II diabetes.
- this usually involves approximately 10% of the diabetic population.
NEXT: LESS COMMON TYPES OF DIABETES